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Paris, the capital of France, is situated in the North Central part of the country. This city of lights has a population of about 2,176,243 but the Paris aire urbaine or metropolitan city is reported to have a population of 10,354,675 as of 2008 (last census) which makes it the most populated metropolitan city in Europe.

Paris has a great historical and cultural heritage, and is a hub of education, business, science, politics, fashion, shopping, arts and media. Paris is said to have existed for more than 2000 years, and the early inhabitants of Paris were Parisii, a Gaulish tribe that settled in the city during the pre-Roman era.

The name of the city is said to have been derived from the name of this tribe. Later, the city of Paris was attacked by other countries and influenced by other cultures, and each one of them have left their mark on this city.

Paris is located on the Seine river and has two natural islands, Ile de la Cite and Ile Saint-Louis, which are connected to the city by bridges.

Paris is a flat terrain and has an oval structure, with an area of 105.39 square kilometers and is near the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel in Western Europe. Rouen, Orleans, Amiens, Reims and La Mans are the neighboring cities of Paris.

Paris has a moderate climate and the city’s average temperature in winter is around 3°C to 8°C and the temperature in summer can be as high as 25°C and as low as 15°C. However, Paris has had its share of extreme temperatures during the heat wave of 2003 and the cold wave of 2006. Rains can be expected anytime during the year, though, they are not heavy showers and it pours only for a short span of time. It rarely snows in Paris.